Who's who

This text is taken directly from the Refugee Council leaflet. Tell it like it is. The Truth About Asylum.

Asylum Seeker
Someone who is fleeing persecution in their homeland, has arrived in another country, made themselves known to the authorities and exercised the legal right to apply for asylum.

Refugee
Someone whose asylum application has been successful and who is allowed to stay in another country having proved they would face persecution back home.

Failed asylum seeker
Someone whose asylum application has been turned down and is awaiting return to their country. If it is not safe for refused asylum seekers to return, they may have to stay for the time being.

Illegal Immigrant
Someone who has arrived in another country, intentionally not made themselves known to the authorities and has no legal basis for being there.

Economic Migrant
Someone who has moved to another country to work.

For more information on definitions

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency

Oxfam: myths and facts

Many local authorities and other organisations have produced booklets to give a clear and accurate picture about asylum seekers, refugees and migrants in the UK, with a particular focus on their area. Two examples include:

Asylum seekers - the facts
a leaflet produced by the Yorkshire and Humberside Consortium for Asylum Seekers and Refugees, available in Bengali, English and Urdu, Jul 2005 .

Asylum Seekers, Refugees and Migrants: Myths and Facts
a leaflet produced by the London Borough of Camden Equalities and Social Inclusion Team, May 2006.

 

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